metatarsal medical definition

[1], The five metatarsals are dorsally convex long bones consisting of a shaft or body, a base (proximally), and a head (distally). In 2010 some soccer players began testing a new sock that incorporated a rubber silicone pad over the foot to provide protection to the top of the foot. Safety footwear with removable metatarsal guard. Lateral aspect. Various foot problems can cause symptoms similar to those of metatarsalgia. Synonyms for metatarsal in Free Thesaurus. Lacking individual names, the metatarsal bones are numbered from the medial side (the side of the great toe): the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth metatarsal (often depicted with Roman numerals). What are synonyms for Metatarsals? Full article >>> The metatarsals are convex bones of the forefoot consisting of a head, neck, shaft, and base. Metatarsalgia (met-uh-tahr-SAL-juh) is a condition in which the ball of your foot becomes painful and inflamed. Metatarsal fractures are common injuries to the foot often sustained with direct blows or twisting forces. metatarsal. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/metatarsal. These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Metatarsal: They are named by numbers and start from the medial side outward. Avulsion Fractures Avulsion fractures , sometimes called a pseudo-Jones fracture, when the tip of the bone is pulled off the fifth metatarsal by the tendon that attaches to this region. The second metatarsal (os metatarsale II) is the longest metatarsal. [ meta- + G. tarsos, tarsus] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © … The part of the foot between the tarsus and the toes, having as its skeleton the five long bones (metatarsal bones) articulating posteriorly with the cuboid and cuneiform bones and distally with the phalanges. The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally. Fifth metatarsal fracture – the fifth metatarsal is a bone located on the outer edge of the foot. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Antonyms for metatarsal. Most often a Jones fracture is caused without significant injury or impact, but sometimes it can be acute (as with Dr. Jones) and seen during pivoting in football or basketball when the heel is off the ground.1 Often there has been a gradual build-up of pain in the area and eventually, it reaches a point where y… Like all other medical issues, not every fracture will fall perfectly into one of these three fracture types, but these categories are useful for treatment guidance. The lengths of the metatarsal bones in humans are, in descending order: second, third, fourth, fifth and first. Its larger cross section is required due to the increased biomechanical stress generated by the rolling motion of the big toe. Definition and synonyms of metatarsal from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. The head or distal extremity presents a convex articular surface, oblong from above downward, and extending farther backward below than above. metatarsal answers are found in the Taber's Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. These fractures are sometimes called march fractures, based on their traditional association with military recruits after long marches. Patients who sustain a Jones fracture have pain over this middle/outside area of their foot, swelling, and difficulty walking. Metatarsal: One of the five cylindrical bones that extend from the heel to the toes. The base of each metatarsal articulates with one or more of the tarsal bones and the head articulates with the proximal phalanges. Its plantar surface is grooved antero-posteriorly for the passage of the flexor tendons, and marked on either side by an articular eminence continuous with the terminal articular surface. Change your default dictionary to American English. Definition: The five long bones of the metatarsus, articulating with the tarsal bones proximally and the phalanges of toes distally. One of the five long bones of the foot lying beyond the TARSAL bones and articulating with the bones of the toes ( PHALANGES ). The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes. Source: WordNet 2.1. Superior view. Metatarsals: Five cylindrical bones extending from the heel (the tarsus) to the toes. The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Metatarsals shown in green. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW. Avoid high impact activities for a while and prop up your injured foot when you can. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web. Relating to the metatarsus or to one of the metatarsal bones. Their bases also articulate with each other at the intermetatarsal joints, The metatarsal bones are often broken by association football players. To help pinpoint the source of your pain, your doctor will examine your foot while you stand and while you sit and ask about your lifestyle and activity level. Yet it is quite common to have an accessory growth plate on the distal first metatarsal. See more at skeleton. The metatarsals are numbered from the inside out, so the first metatarsal extends to the big toe. ... Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The fifth metatarsal may be fractured if the foot is oversupinated during locomotion.[8]. Read medical definition of Metatarsal. 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