clavicle medical term

This type of fracture is fairly common—accounting for about 5 percent of … A lump in the bone. This study synthesizes data on maximum clavicle length and fusion of the medial epiphysis in 1840 … Synonym (s): clavicula [TA] , collar bone. It is also useful for evaluating an enlarged liver, and for locating the gallbladder which is between the mid-clavicular line and the transpyloric plane. [citation needed] It is made up of spongy cancellous bone with a shell of compact bone. A cadaver study of relevance to lateral clavicle resection. It gets fractured, rather commonly. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. ), genetically weak bones, or illness such as osteoporosis or cancer. [6], The earliest tetrapods retained this arrangement, with the addition of a diamond-shaped interclavicle between the base of the clavicles, although this is not found in living amphibians. It is a touchable bone, and in people who have less fat in this region, the location of the bone is clearly visible, as it creates a bulge in the skin. The term can also be used when describing the sounds produced by lung conditions such as interstitial lung disease—these are also referred to as "rales". A clavicle bone lump can be caused by a variety of conditions. Most fractures occur in the middle portion, or shaft, of the bone. Transmits physical impacts from the upper limb to the, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 12:28. It then forms an even larger posterior curve to articulate with the acromion of the scapula. Medical Answers. See more. It is the only long bone, which is placed in horizontal position in your body. Recent Examples on the Web Nixon missed most of this season after dislocating his collarbone in the first half the team’s season opener against Georgia Tech Sept. 16. Choose from 325 different sets of term:collar bone = common term for clavicle flashcards on Quizlet. A study measuring 748 males and 252 females saw a difference in collarbone length between age groups 18–20 and 21–25 of about 6 and 5 mm (0.24 and 0.20 in) for males and females respectively. 1 was here. It is the uppermost bone before the cervical (neck) vertebrae and skull—and, together with the humerus (upper arm bone) and scapula (shoulder blade), makes up the shoulder joint.. A clavicle fracture is a common injury. Cancer. Clavicle Fractures: Types and Symptoms This article discusses types of clavicle surgery, managing post-surgical pain, and rehabilitation and recovery. A doubly curved long bone that forms part of the shoulder girdle. Its medial end articulates with the manubrium sterni at the sternoclavicular joint; its lateral end with the acromion of the scapula at the acromioclavicular joint. Its lateral end is formed by intramembranous ossification while medially it is formed by endochondral ossification. a bone of the pectoral arch. Its walls are formed by the 12 pairs of ribs , attached to the sides of the spine and curving toward the front. The clavicle, or collarbone, is a slender, S-shaped bone approximately 6 inches (15 cm) long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum (breastbone). It bears a facet that articulates with the shoulder to form the acromioclavicular joint. 299-300. Its one end forms a joint with the sternum while the other end forms a joint with the scapula or the shoulder blade. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, c listing. The articular surface extends to the inferior aspect for articulation with the first costal cartilage. One exception is the clavicle of AL 333x6/9 attributed to Australopithecus afarensis which has a well-preserved sternal end. It provides structural support between the shoulder and rest of the skeleton, and is one of the most frequently fractured bone in the body. Clavicle Fractures: Types and Symptoms. It receives its name from the Latin clavicula ("little key"), because the bone rotates along its axis like a key when the shoulder is abducted. A separated shoulder is an injury to the ligaments that hold your collarbone (clavicle) to your shoulder blade. How to use subclavian in a sentence. [6], Though a number of fossil hominin (humans and chimpanzees) clavicles have been found, most of these are mere segments offering limited information on the form and function of the pectoral girdle. This is the term for small fractures developing on the end of the collarbone closest to the shoulder, known as the distal end. Clavicle is the medical term for the collar bone. Together with the shoulder blade, it makes up the shoulder girdle. A fall onto the lateral shoulder most frequently causes a clavicle fracture. Surgery of the shoulder. Animation. The collarbone serves several functions:[3]. [3] It is a dermal bone derived from elements originally attached to the skull. It is often involved in congenital and acquired disorders. 1 was here. A clavicle fracture, also known as a broken collarbone, is a bone fracture of the clavicle. There are two clavicles, one on the left and one on the right. The acromial end has a rough inferior surface that bears a ridge, the trapezoid line, and a slight rounded projection, the conoid tubercle (above the coracoid process). A fractured clavicle is the medical term used when the collarbone is broken. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice numbness or coldness in your arm or hand. Fukuda K, Craig EV, An KN, Cofield RH, Chao EY. Displaced Neer Type IIB distal-third clavicle fractures-Long-term clinical outcome after plate fixation and additional screw augmentation for coracoclavicular instability. Complications can include a collection of air in the pleural space surrounding the lung (pneumothorax), injury to the nerves or blood vessels in the area, and an unpleasant appearance. Arthroscopically Assisted Coracoclavicular Fixation Using a Single Flip Button Device Technique: What Are the Main Factors Affecting the Maintenance of Reduction? ), genetically weak bones, or illness such as osteoporosis or cancer. It can easily be fractured due to impacts to the shoulder from the force of falling on outstretched arms or by a direct hit.[2]. Clavicle surgery may be needed if the fractured bones if the fractured pieces of bone are not in their correct, anatomical location. Define clavicle. The clavicle (collarbone) runs along the top of the chest. It provides structural support between the shoulder and rest of the skeleton, and is one of the most frequently fractured bone in the body. Traumatic, inflammatory, neoplastic, metabolic and many other miscellaneous lesions may also affect the bone. Medical Definition of clavicle. Renfree KJ, Riley Mk, Wheeler D, et al. The most common site of fracture is the junction between the two curvatures of the bone, which is the weakest point. A fracture is a term used to describe a broken bone. The clavicle was present in saurischian dinosaurs but largely absent in ornithischian dinosaurs. Martin, A.J. What does Clavicle mean? At its lateral end it articulates with the acromion, a process of the scapula (shoulder blade), at the acromioclavicular joint. A broken collarbone can be caused by trauma (sports injuries, car accidents, falls, etc. Plates, screws, and pins are often used during the surgical process. In severe injuries, ligaments might be torn.In most people, a separated shoulder doesn't usually require surgery. Even though it is classified as a long bone, the collarbone has no medullary (bone marrow) cavity like other long bones, though this is not always true. (in humans) either of two slender bones, each articulating with the sternum and a scapula and forming the anterior part of a shoulder; collarbone. Clavicle fractures vary. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clavicle&oldid=1000517579, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Right clavicle—from below, and from above, the anterior border is concave forward and gives origin to the, the posterior border is convex and gives attachment to the, the inferior surface has a ridge called the. [5]. The bone can crack just slightly or break into many pieces (comminuted fracture). A shoulder dislocation injury occurs when the ball of the shoulder joint comes out of the socket.. (2006). These surface features are attachment sites for muscles and ligaments of the shoulder. Hard Bone Lump On Collar Bone (Clavicle) by Sunita Khatri, MD — Last updated: 2020-07-06 . The clavicle, also referred to as the collar bone, is an elongated, S-shaped bone that sits between the shoulder and sternum at the top of the ribcage. It is also known as the sternal end. (The medical term for this is a displaced fracture). The clavicle, or collarbone, is a slender, S-shaped bone approximately 6 inches (15 cm)[1] long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum (breastbone). The clavicle (or collarbone) is a long, thin bone at the base of the neck, located between the shoulder blade (scapula) and the rib cage (sternum). Web. Most people regain full shoulder function … Body & Health Conditions. In these cases, the bones need to be moved and secured in order to heal properly. Arthroscopy for Shoulder Dislocation . Clavicle is the medical term for the collar bone. Clavicle job board connects qualified candidates of all medical specialties to employers across the nation. 3rd ed. It is typically accompanied by pain, swelling, and a protuberance and depression over the site of the injury. The collarbones are sometimes partly or completely absent in cleidocranial dysostosis. Pain in the clavicle can be due to a variety of causes, some of which are more serious than others. Poor union of the bones during healing can shorten the bone. In these cases, the bones need to be moved and secured in order to heal properly. The clavicle is an unusual long bone with many unique embryologic features. The sternum articulates (comes together) with the cartilages of the first seven ribs and with the clavicle (collarbone) on either side. While most c … However, it is one of the last bones to finish ossification at about 21–25 years of age. This results in the sternocleidomastoid muscle lifting the medial aspect superiorly, which can result in perforation of the overlying skin. The collarbone is a large doubly curved long bone that connects the arm to the trunk of the body. Secular changes refer to short-term biological changes ostensibly due to environmental factors. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … Information and translations of Clavicle in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … "Supraclavicular is the term for "above the collar bone" or clavicle.Supraclavicular means pertaining to above the collarbone. [4], The left clavicle is usually longer and not as strong as the right clavicle. Diagram of the human shoulder joint, front view, Diagram of the human shoulder joint, back view, Plain bone of short length that serves as a strut between the scapula and the sternum. Because of … It gets fractured, rather commonly. n. 1. In addition, callus formation or displacement can lead to thoracic outlet compression. Acta Orthop Scand 2003;74:718-21. The lateral end is also known as the acromial end. clavicle definition: 1. the technical word for the collarbone (= the bone between the shoulder and neck): 2. the…. clavicle synonyms, clavicle pronunciation, clavicle translation, English dictionary definition of clavicle. All information is for educational purposes only. The cleithrum disappeared early in the evolution of reptiles, and is not found in any living amniotes, but the interclavicle is present in most modern reptiles, and also in monotremes. pg. The Shoulder Complex. The clavicle, also referred to as the collar bone, is an elongated, S-shaped bone that sits between the shoulder and sternum at the top of the ribcage. The area surrounding the joint gives an attachment to the joint capsule. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. There are two clavicles, one on the left and one on the right. The collarbone is long, thin, and located at the base of … Symptoms typically include pain at the site of the break and a decreased ability to move the affected arm. The clavicle (or collarbone) is a long, thin bone at the base of the neck, located between the shoulder blade (scapula) and the rib cage (sternum). It receiv… See more. Looking for online definition of sternal end of clavicle in the Medical Dictionary? It can be divided into three parts: medial end, lateral end and shaft. Align your shoulders, spine and upper back. A broken collarbone can be caused by trauma (sports injuries, car accidents, falls, etc. thorax: [ thor´aks ] the part of the body between the neck and abdomen; it is separated from the abdomen by the diaphragm . In fact, some of the reasons behind collarbone pain are downright fatal. cle. It serves as a rigid support from which the scapula and free limb suspended; an arrangement that keeps the upper limb away from the thorax so that the arm has maximum range of movement. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body; however, the extreme range of its potential movements makes the shoulder joint susceptible to dislocation. Meaning of Clavicle. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The clavicle is the only long bone in the body that lies horizontally. Its one end forms a joint with the sternum while the other end forms a joint with the scapula or the shoulder blade. Medical Adjustable Clavicle Posture Corrector Men/Women Upper Back Brace Shoulder Lumbar Support Belt Corset Posture Correction. Tiefenboeck TM(1), Boesmueller S(2), Binder H(2), Bukaty A(3), Tiefenboeck MM(4), Joestl J(2), Hofbauer M(2), Ostermann RC(2). Acting as a flexible, crane-like strut, it allows the scapula to move freely on the thoracic wall. What Is a Clavicle Fracture? Clavicle job board connects qualified candidates of all medical specialties to employers across the nation. Ligamentous anatomy of the distal clavicle. 20181016. In: Prentice WE. Instead, conservative treatment — such as rest, ice and pain relievers — is often enough to relieve the pain. Sometimes the lump is a lipoma, or a harmless fatty tumor that settles on top of the collarbone. Clavicle medical definition, flashcards and ICD-10 codes. Common causes of a broken collarbone include falls, sports injuries and trauma from traffic accidents. 2001;24(8):793-4. 2014;55(1):45-7. Most heal well with ice, pain relievers… English. The clavicle of a newborn may break during delivery. This website is intended for use by medical professionals. Search Search. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing. In most cases, the direct hit occurs from the lateral side towards the medial side of the bone. The shape of the clavicle varies more than most other long bones. The place on the scapula where it articulated with the humerus (upper bone of the forelimb) is the called the glenoid. Crepitus is often loud enough to be heard by the human ear, although a stethoscope may be needed to detect instances caused by respiratory diseases. Orthopedics. If you think that the clavicle is broken, it is best to seek medical treatment right away. The anterior border is concave forward and posterior border is convex backward. However, recent literature demonstrates that surgical fixation may be appropriate to prevent long term decreased shoulder function. In males the clavicle is generally longer and more massive than in females. If the bump is located at either end of the clavicle, it could be caused by damage from osteoarthritis (OA The resulting compact bone is known as a periosteal collar. It has a rounded medial end and a flattened lateral end. clavicle zo salyè/zepòl, salyè. It consists of a mass of cancellous bone surrounded by a compact bone shell. vertebrae; sternum; skull; skeleton; sacrum; Anatomy; Skeletal System; Find a Medical Term. The clavicle is the most commonly fractured bone. The collarbone is referred to medically as the clavicle. Occasionally, the bone will break where it attaches at the ribcage or shoulder blade. Second Edition. The shaft is divided into the medial two-thirds and the lateral one third. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. As part of the healing process, the place where the bone knits together forms a bony lump. Your collarbone connects the upper part of your breastbone to your shoulder blade. Clavicle Fracture (Broken Collarbone) A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone, one of the main bones in the shoulder. The flat acromial end of the collarbone is broader than the sternal end. Meaning of sternal end of clavicle medical term. It is flat from above downward. Collarbone definition is - clavicle. Descriptions: Easily get perfect confident posture - start standing, sitting much straighter. Medially, it articulates with the manubrium of the sternum (breastbone) at the sternoclavicular joint. The clavicle is the only long bone in the body that lies horizontally. Introduction to the Study of Dinosaurs. Clavicle: The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the neck to the shoulder. Clavicle fractures are fairly common and occur in people of all ages. There are two clavicles, one on the left and one on the right. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. However, analyses of the clavicle in extant primates suggest that the low position of the scapula in humans is reflected mostly in the curvature of the medial portion of the clavicle rather than the lateral portion. The patient usually supports the arm on the injured side at the elbow. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2003;12:355-9. The compact forms as the layer of fascia covering the bone stimulates the ossification of adjacent tissue. It is the only long bone, which is placed in horizontal position in your body. One of the bones that meet at the shoulder is the clavicle, which is also known as the collarbone. (The medical term for this is a displaced fracture). An injury to the clavicle can be debilitating and require an extended time of immobilization in a sling or figure of 8 brace. A direct hit to the collarbone will also cause a break. clavicle; clavicle strap; clavicotomy; clavicula; clavicular; clavicular articular facet of acromion; clavicular branch of thoracoacromial artery; clavicular notch; clavicular notch of sternum; clavicular part of … Medical definition of acromion: the outer end of the spine of the scapula that protects the glenoid cavity, forms the outer angle of the shoulder, and articulates with the clavicle —called also acromial process, acromion process. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Subclavian definition is - of, relating to, being, or inserted into a part (such as an artery, vein, or nerve) located under the clavicle. Located directly above the first rib, it acts as a strut to keep the scapula in place so that the arm can hang freely. Poor or delayed healing. fracture of clavicle: Etymology: L, frangere + clavicula, little key a break in the long bone of the shoulder girdle. Related entries. Clavicle definition, a bone of the pectoral arch. Fractures of the clavicle are quite common, accounting for up to 10% of all fractures. [3] For medical care please contact a qualified healthcare provider. The medial end is quadrangular and articulates with the clavicular notch of the manubrium of the sternum to form the sternoclavicular joint. Privacy & Trust Info Sternum: The long flat bone in the upper middle of the front of the chest. Radiographs confirm the diagnosis and aid in further evaluation and treatment. It is a touchable bone, and in people who have less fatin this region, the location of the bone is clearly visible, as it creates a bulge in the skin. The clavicle is the only long bone in the body that lies horizontally. Learn more. Midshaft clavicle fractures are often best treated with internal fixation […] Historically, these fractures were commonly treated without surgery. In young athletes, the damage most commonly occurs at the labrum.To stabilize the shoulder after dislocation, a type of surgery known as a Bankart repair can attach the labrum to the joint capsule to hold the ball in place. Debilitating and require an extended time of immobilization in a mild separated shoulder, known as flexible. For medical advice, diagnosis or treatment neck to the skull pieces ( comminuted ). Horizontally on the right, English dictionary definition of sternal end, each collarbone curves laterally and for. Pieces ( comminuted fracture ) one end forms a joint with the shoulder or with outstretched! For informational purposes only in some theropod dinosaurs to form the sternoclavicular joint, also known as the distal.... Rh, Chao EY left clavicle is the weakest point most heal well with ice, pain relievers… definition. 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