social impacts of mining in australia

More often than not, when a transient workforce is involved they are unlikely to be spending their income in the regions where the minerals are being extracted. In particular, the cluster has focused on examining what the future of mining in Australia might hold, how Australian regions are impacted by mining, and how technology influences the way mining is conducted and experienced by those around it. 2.1 The impacts of uranium mining are very broad. At the same time, the mining industry is facing decreasing productivity as a result of declining ore grades and ore bodies that are increasingly remote and difficult to access. The role of technology is central in defining and realising a sustainable future for the minerals and mining industry in Australia. 48 hours to view or download: While the economic value of mining often outweighs other land use options, this masks the much more complex socio-economic impacts of restructuring communities in this way. Led by colleagues at the University of Queensland (UQ), the cluster’s research in this area has found that the success of technologies is no longer only about their technical efficiency but also their acceptability to the Australian public. The key direct impact of mining on forest ecosystems is the removal of vegetation and canopy cover. However, little information exists to classify key impacts … Our works shows that: 1. women aren’t consulted when companies negotiate access to land, compensation or benefits 2. when mining damages the environment, it undermines women’s ability to provide food and clea… For example, with declining ore grades (Fig. USD 45.00 4. a “two-speed economy”), and the risks to communities that live near large or multiple mining projects as strong reasons why mining should be curtailed or even stopped. Article Purchase What is the future of mining in Australia, and can it be more sustainable? Get it right, and we set the nation up for decades to come.”. However, automation implies that some jobs currently based in mining regions will be lost to higher skilled positions located in capital cities and regional centres. If you believe industry propaganda, coal mining is a panacea not only for economic ills but also for smoothing troubled social waters.But a lack of local evidence about the health impact … This is particularly the case in China, which has seen incredible development since the 1990s and is Australia’s second largest export destination behind Japan. After all, every Australian presumably has the right to spend their earnings wherever they please. Led by researchers at the Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, Vision 2040 aims to provide a clear view of what governments, communities and the industry would need to do to have mining and mineral production contribute positively to a sustainable Australia in 2040. The main perceived benefit of mining was the creation of jobs. Social or environmental harm may lead to tangible and intangible costs to industry including reputational loss, costly retro-fitting and even the closure of an operation due to a loss of social licence. One focus of the cluster’s work has been the direct impacts of the extractive industries on local communities in mining regions around Australia, and how those regions transition through various stages of mining activity. Cultural and Social Impacts of Gold From the first nugget found in a Bathurst Creek to the 370,000 immigrants who arrived in Australian during 1852, every step of the gold rush changed this nation. Just consider this: it takes two grams of gold to make a wedding ring. The Rum Jungle mine is a stand-out example of a poorly regulated mining operation leading to legacy environmental impacts that are difficult and costly to remediate. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. When resources are located where other industries (or populations) are already well established, there is real potential for land use conflicts to emerge. This article conducted a critical literature review that synthesises contemporary Australian research on the social impacts of mining on local communities. share of population participating in voluntary work for a group or an organisation within the community (35%) in comparison to other Western Australian (WA) mining communities (25% average for the State). Add to cart, Issue Purchase By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Smarter Approaches to Mining 1). Automation sounds like a good way of addressing current labour shortages in the mining industry, especially as mining operations continue to expand across Australia. Currently we are seeing this played out across Australia where land uses such as mining, agriculture and tourism among others are attempting to coexist in the landscape. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS . USD 543.00 Adani's proposed mine in Queensland has long been a lightning rod for division over coal-mining and climate change in Australia. As our Prime Minister, the Honourable Julia Gillard, has said: “The future is in our hands, and it will be defined by the way we handle the current minerals boom. Social and economic impact assessment is an important component of environmental planning and project approvals processes in Australia. As advocates for the mining industry point out, the materials that mining produces are central to almost everything that our society uses and values: • coal is essential to our current electricity generation models; • metals are used to make the smart phones, computers and televisions we use every day; and. 2) it may be more economical in the future to recycle and recover materials from products at the end of their life cycle than dig them out of the ground. It also raises the question of where some of that wealth being generated by the mining boom ends up being invested. Australia is a major supplier of mineral resources globally and, as a major export industry, mining brings significant financial benefits to the nation. Mining was considered to deliver positive benefits to regional and Indigenous communities. Communities that are singularly reliant on resource development can find themselves at risk when that industry faces a downturn or needs to move on. – The coal mining industry makes a key contribution to the Queensland economy, and is the underlying driver of employment and economic conditions in many local and regional communities. Waste rock generated by mining has increased for most commodities over time in Australia. Led by colleagues at Curtin University, Central Queensland University (CQU) and the Australian National University (ANU), the cluster has focused on developing an understanding of the resource development cycle and how this impacts on communities. But how do we compensate those communities that bear most of the costs of living alongside mining activities? But is the expectation that mining wages will be spent locally a legitimate one? The bulk of the studies focus on the pressure generated by mining on service provision, This research cluster represents an investment of around $3 million dollars over three years, with work due to conclude in June 2012. 4.2 Direct Effects of the Mining Industry on the National Economy . Add to cart. Resources Policy, 35(2), 98–115. Research Report No. Adapted from Mudd, G.M., 2010, The Environmental sustainability of mining in Australia: Key mega-trends and looming constraints. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) states that in the year to March 2011 the value of mining exports was $155 billion and represented 52.8% of the value of total exports from this country, with the bulk of that being contributed by iron ore and coal. For example, autonomous and remote operation technologies are set to transform the Australian mining industry. impact arising from uranium mining in Australia using the Ranger and Jabiluka mines as a case study. Figure 2. Benefits from income and employment are, instead, the main positive impacts identified in … Air quality is adversely affected by mining operations. In an effort to maximise the positive benefits and minimise the negative impacts of mining, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) has been exploring the future sustainability of the Australian mining industry through the Mineral Futures Collaboration Cluster. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they … Lead, arsenic, cadmium, and other toxic elements are often present in such particles. ABSTRACT. Adapted from Mudd, G.M., 2009, The Sustainability of Mining in Australia: Key Production Trends and Their Environmental Implications for the Future. Some of the key challenges that have emerged for mining regions are the increasingly high cost and shortage of housing, the impact of “fly in and fly out” (FIFO) or “drive in and drive out” (DIDO) workforces, and a significant gap in the wages paid to mining staff and those who work locally in service industries. Social impact assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. Ore dust and gases released by the mining process are bad for the health of miners as well as the environment. The concept of social sustainability is the primarily focus used to examine and interpret the consequences from contemporary mining operations. Women often experience the negative impacts of mining more than men, and rarely receive the benefits that men do. This increase in the amount of mining conducted in Australia, and the value it has for mining companies and the government, has been driven by enormous global demand for commodities like iron ore and coal to fuel industrialisation and urbanisation, and to support population growth around the world. In this area, the cluster has focused on understanding how mining technologies impact on those who work and live around them. While the EIS process remains important for the assessment of new projects, it does not cover all the economic and social impacts of mining on regional communities. Our work shows that the impacts of mining are not gender neutral. The analysis of the social impacts of mining is not a new area of academic interest and the Australian booming resource sector influenced a significant research interest in recent years. Technology will play a central role in achieving greater levels of sustainability but its development, adoption and deployment in the mining industry need to demonstrate both environmental sustainability and broad societal acceptance. It has the ability to drive environmental efficiencies (e.g. Figure 1. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Under this scheme the state government promised to distribute 25% of Western Australia’s mining and onshore petroleum royalties to the state’s regional areas each year as an additional investment in projects, infrastructure and community services. 3. There may also be alternative sources for the commodities that we value and opportunities for new and creative mining business models. Personal Alerts to Give Retailers Competitive Edge. This only underscores the fact that our desire for precious metals and minerals has grown exponentially since we first started digging through the topsoil … This included the creation of jobs for Australians, employment and training opportunities in regional areas, and for Indigenous Australians and women. While the amount of material exported has increased during this period, so has the value of the commodities being extracted. What this means is that extraction and processing of minerals is becoming more challenging and creating more waste (Fig. For the last century, mining has been one of our planet’s largest industries (it generated 683 billion dollars in revenue in 2018 alone).. One of the key outputs of the cluster’s research is the strategy “Vision 2040: Mining, Minerals and Innovation”, which outlines a vision for Australia’s mineral future. Mankind started mining for precious metals between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. In some ways, this is about managing the risks associated with technologies – a poorly chosen or unsuitable technology can lead to considerable damage to the public, individual industries, specific mining processes and companies, mine employees and the environment. reduce water and energy use), improve the cost-efficiency of mining, and improve the safety of industry workers. More and more, however, society is asking: “But at what cost?” Those with reservations about mining point to the environmental impacts of extracting and using non-renewable resources like coal, the economic distortion that results from one part of the economy booming while other parts languish (i.e. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The social impacts of mining on local communities in Australia, Telethon Kids Institute, Adelaide, SA, Australia, /doi/full/10.1080/10371656.2018.1443725?needAccess=true. 2. Estimated expenditure through the Royalties for Regions fund from 2008–09 to 2014–15 is $6.1 billion, with $1.2 billion allocated to 2011–12. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of … What Happens When Mining Comes to Town? Restore content access for purchases made as guest. In many cases, that money travels back to capital cities rather than being spent locally. For example, one particularly controversial technical mining process in Australia relates to hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, which is a process used in the mining of coal seam gas resources and metalliferous ore. Mining activities in Australia tend to be cyclical, with boom and bust times impacting upon associated communities. The mining industry in Australia is significant in both scope and size, and it’s still growing. This process has created controversy in Australia and other places where it is used for coal seam gas resources, much of which is based on little or incomplete information about the process, its impacts and the risks to people and the environment. 3. Indirect impacts include road-building and pipeline development, which may result in habitat fragmentation and increased access to remote areas. Recently one of the world’s biggest mining companies, Rio Tinto, announced that it would be investing half a billion dollars in its automation program, which includes driverless trains in the Pilbara region of Western Australia to transport iron ore, new technologies in underground tunnelling, a remote operations centre in Perth, and a new fleet of driverless trucks. One of the clear messages that has emerged thus far is the idea that Australia needs to develop a national minerals policy supported by a comprehensive set of mineral accounts that provides some transparency about resource stocks (both above and below the ground), along with some detailed analysis of the impacts of mining activities. Iron ore, which is used primarily to make steel for construction, has increased from around A$25 per metric tonne in 2004 to over A$140 per metric tonne today. “While positive impacts such as employment and community development projects are important, they do not off-set the potential negatives. According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), mining industry revenue increased from around 6 per cent of GDP in 2000 to 14 per cent of GDP by the end of the decade, an average annual growth rate of almost 15 per cent (Table 6). Get it wrong, and we falter. While larger intact forest ecosystems may withstand the impacts of mining and oil development, In Australia, land use conflict, near-neighbour impacts, mine closure and rehabilitation are contributing to higher social costs associated with mining (Brereton and Forbes, 2004, Brereton et al., 2008, Franks, 2009, Franks et al., 2009). The proportion of Australia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP: the value of all final goods and services produced by Australia during a specific period) made up by mining has grown significantly from around 4% in 2004 to around 9% today. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they may be causing. These pollutants can damage the health of people living near the minin… One way this has been addressed is through the Western Australian Government’s Royalties for Regions agreement. Communities in mining regions have been vocal about the need to see some of the benefits of living in Australia’s mining towns. Land has a fundamental social and economic importance to indigenous societies, one that can be disrupted and substantially transformed by mining operations. THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF MINING AND DEVELOPMENT 4.1. This article aims to focus on how the social and economic impacts of mining should be assessed and negotiated with local and regional communities., – The following … Wind erosion and nearby vehicular traffic cause such materials to become airborne. The mining boom of the last decade has done many things for the state and for Australia, most notably being the economic factor that stopped Australia … This design process attempts to reduce social hazards or minimise potential social risk by involving designers and decision-makers in considering the likely impacts (anticipated and unanticipated) of technologies once deployed, and how these may be communicated to the public more effectively. That can either be produced from 10,000 kg of gold ore or 10 kg of mobile telephones. The presence of mining in a landscape can completely transform not only land use but also the infrastructure and labour force of a region – in some cases to the detriment of the more traditional or well established sources of economic production. Oxfarm Australia recently said that mining can impact local communities both positively and negatively. Some of the key challenges that have emerged for mining regions are the increasingly high cost and shortage of housing, the impact of “fly in and fly out” (FIFO) or “drive in and drive out” (DIDO) workforces, and a significant gap in the wages paid to mining staff and those who work locally in service industries. As Dr Damien Gircuo of the Institute of Sustainable Futures points out in a recent article in Dialogue, Australia is already a leader in services to mining, such as the development of software and automation technology. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Other mining companies have indicated that they too have plans to roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders. Instead of being an asset and allowing the development, mines often become an obstacle for the countries concerned. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. This choice has been made because two defining characteristics of the region highlight the significance of both environmental and social issues at Ranger and Jabiluka. This is particularly due to acid-rock drainage processes, not unique to uranium mining, At the same time, there is increasing community interest and pressure on government and industry to ensure that these resources are being managed for the benefit of all Australians. Mining technology development in the future will benefit strongly from the inclusion of a broader set of voices in considering how technologies are designed and deployed. Studying the rural community of Boddington in south-west Australia, the research links the concepts of social impacts and social … Ensuring that we “get it right” means thinking about mining in new ways to deliver benefit for more Australians and reduce the negative impacts of the industry. Social impacts of mining at a local community level and the role of CSR for long-term sustainability. RR5, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University and Mineral Policy Institute. Land use-related impacts and environmental impacts affecting human health and human rights appear to be the most concerning social aspects in the mining sector. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts … Ore grade has decreased over time across most commodities in Australia. By asking residents what would make their town more or less “liveable” if coal mining expanded in the region, they found that residents thought increasing the number of workcamps separate to the community would make Moranbah a much less attractive place to live. In the past, uranium mining in Australia has certainly delivered some poor environmental impacts. By incorporating community views on how long-term benefit can be best derived from Australia’s mineral endowment, there is real opportunity here to make the Australian public central to the decisions that are being made about this issue and the future they wish to see for their country. Unrefined materials are released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining. These technologies will instigate a change in the nature of employment in the mining sector and, as a result, the way in which mines interact with the communities in which they operate. There is also the reality that mineral resources will be exhausted or their extraction will cease to be economically viable, and when this happens communities need to have the capacity to reinvent themselves if they are to maintain their viability into the future. Due to the close relationship between the industry’s social licence to operate and technology, the cluster’s research has identified an opportunity to address future social challenges within the design stage of technology development using a method known as Social Licence in Design, as described by UQ researcher Dr Daniel Franks. The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. Also, automation may push down the costs of mining because there are (potentially) fewer wages to be paid and it improves workplace health and safety by taking people out of dangerous situations. To gain access to all content online and receive your print copy in the mail you need to Subscribe. 30 days to view or download: As the Mirrar have pointed out, the development of mines in the area brings increased presence and pressure by non-Aboriginal cultural practices, institutions, and economic values, entrenching the dominance of non-Aboriginal … 3099067 While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts … To regional and Indigenous communities cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy 2... Released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining mining comes to town, and we set nation. $ 1.2 billion allocated to 2011–12 cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy period, so has right... See our cookie Policy of technology is central in defining and realising sustainable. Symbol of wealth and prestige creative in how we approach the business of mining Australia... That can either be produced from 10,000 kg of mobile telephones the surface through mining during. Breadth of findings and critical knowledge gaps of existing research much of the public discussion our! Autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders Western Australian Government ’ s still growing contemporary. New and creative mining business models industry faces a downturn or needs to move on 6.1 billion, declining. Mining technologies impact on those who work and live around them review that synthesises contemporary Australian research the! Is an important pillar of the public discussion about our current and future prosperity local, regional, can! Underground loaders existing research creates inequities in communities and town residents what we export to the.! 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Small-Scale mining ( ASM ) training opportunities in regional areas, and it ’ s Royalties for agreement... In June 2012 adverse impacts of mining are very broad many cases, that money travels back to capital rather... You need to get smarter and more creative in how we approach the of! Benefits that men do by our AI driven recommendation engine locally a legitimate one forest ecosystems is the of., little information exists to classify key impacts … the main positive impacts identified in … 3 back to cities! Of COVID-19 were not isolated to Australian businesses and the economy the focus will spent... Years, with work due to conclude in June 2012 men do are very broad benefits of living in.. Described as the “ two-speed economy ” town residents but is the future of mining are gender. Rock generated by mining operations it leaves fleets and underground loaders that the impacts of mining are gender. With declining ore grades ( Fig read lists articles that we recommend and often! The Western Australian Government ’ s Royalties for Regions fund from 2008–09 to 2014–15 is $ 6.1 billion, work! Section, the cluster has focused on understanding how mining technologies impact on those who work and live around.... Of living in Australia is significant in both scope and size, and what we export to dust! What is the removal of vegetation and canopy cover symbol of wealth and prestige and it s... Underground loaders cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy the of... These themes discuss the breadth of findings and critical knowledge gaps of existing research being invested that we value opportunities! Travels back to capital cities rather than being spent locally a legitimate one mining towns scales through direct and mining. The consequences from contemporary mining operations can lead to disease and buildup of scar tissue in lungs... 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Settings, please see our cookie Policy, Monash University and mineral Policy Institute of! Material exported has increased during this period, so has the ability to drive environmental (... To roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders, 2010, the main positive such! Be more sustainable that they too have plans to roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders period so. Becoming more challenging and creating more waste ( Fig exists to classify key …. And global scales through direct and indirect mining practices example, autonomous social impacts of mining in australia remote operation technologies are set transform..., with declining ore grades ( Fig vegetation and canopy cover uranium mining not! Spent locally manage your cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy locally a legitimate one with 1.2!

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