identify each of the tissue types represented by these figures

The Cardiovascular System: The Heart, 19.2 Cardiac Muscle and Electrical Activity, Chapter 20. Note that epithelial tissue originates in all three layers, whereas nervous tissue derives primarily from the ectoderm and muscle tissue from mesoderm. Neuroglia, or glial cells, provide support functions for the neurons, such as insulation or anchoring neurons to blood vessels. Select dif- ferent colors for the following structures and use them to color the coding circles and corresponding structures in the diagrams, Epithelial cells C) Muscle cells C) Nerve cells Muscle tissue differs from other tissue types in that it contracts. Take the quiz below to check your understanding of Types of Tissue: http://cnx.org/contents/14fb4ad7-39a1-4eee-ab6e-3ef2482e3e22@7.1@7.1. This chapter will focus on examining epithelial and connective tissues. The epithelial tissue also forms the secretory surface in glands.In general, the epithelial tissue is formed by closely joined cells and always shows an apical face , which is the one that remains on the surface exp… What is the function of synovial membranes? ... located inside these holes. A cutaneous membrane is a multi-layered membrane composed of epithelial and connective tissues. Dense connective tissue is composed of large amounts of closely packed collagenous fibers. Select dif- ferent colors for the following structures and use them to color the coding circles and corresponding structures in the diagrams. Mucous, produced by the epithelial exocrine glands, covers the epithelial layer. The skin is an epithelial membrane also called the cutaneous membrane. Sometimes called mucosae, these epithelial membranes line the body cavities and hollow passageways that open to the external environment, and include the digestive, respiratory, excretory, and reproductive tracts. A disruption of the structure is a sign of injury or disease. For example, synovial membranes surround the joints of the shoulder, elbow, and knee. Another type of connective tissue is dense or fibrous connective tissue, which can be found in tendons and ligaments. From the evolutionary perspective, tissues appear in more complex organisms. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Try to identify the major type of connective tissue in the picture on the left, then move your mouse over the answer link on the right to see the name for the tissue. A serous membrane is an epithelial membrane composed of mesodermally derived epithelium called the mesothelium that is supported by connective tissue. Millions of men and women in present-day Mexico were affected by this conflict. The cells composing a tissue share a common embryonic origin. Identify the main tissue types and discuss their roles in the human body. Epithelial tissues act as coverings, controlling the movement of materials across their surface. The nerve tissue is made up of neurons that receive and transmit electrical impulses, this is their function. 5-6 Figure 5.4 Identify each of the tissue types represented by these figures. 6. 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire ... and the Spanish, represented by conquistador Hernan Cortes. Every type of tissue mentioned has the same set functions in almost all of the higher animals. Muscle Tissue 1. A serous membrane lines the cavities of the body that do not open to the external environment. nervous tissue. Although there are many types of cells in the human body, they are organized into four broad categories of tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous. Connective tissue is the most common kind of tissue out of all of the primary kinds of tissue (epithelial, muscular, connective, a… The zygote, or fertilized egg, is a single cell formed by the fusion of an egg and sperm. View this slideshow to learn more about stem cells. These membranes line the coelomic cavities of the body, that is, those cavities that do not open to the outside, and they cover the organs located within those cavities. This histology course covers all essentials: connective tissue , muscle tissue , nerve tissue , epithelial tissue , bone tissue . After fertilization, the zygote gives rise many cells to form the embryo. Terms in this set (29) hyaline cartilage connective tissue. The membrane lines the joint cavity and contains fibroblasts that produce hyaluronan, which leads to the production of synovial fluid, a natural lubricant that enables the bones of a joint to move freely against one another. Anatomy & Physiology by Lindsay M. Biga, Sierra Dawson, Amy Harwell, Robin Hopkins, Joel Kaufmann, Mike LeMaster, Philip Matern, Katie Morrison-Graham, Devon Quick & Jon Runyeon is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Muscle tissue, which responds to stimulation and contracts to provide movement, is divided into three major types: skeletal (voluntary) muscles, smooth muscles, and the cardiac muscle in the heart. Histology is the the field of study that involves the microscopic examination of tissue appearance, organization, and function. An understanding of the various primary tissue types present in the human body is essential for understanding the structure and function of organs which are composed of two or more primary tissue types. Liver histology. What happens when a terminally differentiated cell reverts to a less differentiated state? Identify each tissue type by inserting the correct name in the blank below it on the diagram. Aggregations of cells in the human body be classified into four types of tissues: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous. A tissue is a group of cells, in close proximity, organized to perform one or more specific functions.. (Micrographs provided by the Regents of University of Michigan Medical School © 2012). The underlying connective tissue, called the lamina propria (literally “own layer”), helps support the epithelial layer. Three serous membranes are found lining the thoracic cavity; two membranes that cover the lungs (pleura) and one membrane that covers the heart (pericardium). The connective tissue membrane is formed solely from connective tissue. The epithelial membrane is composed of epithelium attached to a layer of connective tissue, for example, your skin. The three types of muscle tissue exhibit certain similarities and differences. These membranes encapsulate organs, such as the kidneys, and line our movable joints. Describe this transition, discussing the steps and processes that lead to these specialized cells. Mucus, produced by  uniglandular cells and glandular tissue, coats the epithelial layer. Thus, any disruption in the structure of a tissue can lead to injury or disease. Each cell consists of the cell body, dendrites, and axon. Epithelial tissue is made of layers of cells that cover the surfaces of the body that come into contact with the exterior world, line internal cavities, and form glands. A synovial membrane is a type of connective tissue membrane that lines the cavity of a freely movable joint. Take up the quiz below and prove it. For example, multicellular protists, ancient eukaryotes, do not have cells organized into tissues. Membranes are layers of connective and epithelial tissues that line the external environment and internal body cavities of the body. The Cardiovascular System: Blood, Chapter 19. As cell proliferation progresses, three major cell lineages are established within the embryo. The term tissue is used to describe a group of cells found together in the body. The primary tissue types work together to contribute to the overall health and maintenance of the human body. Epithelial tissue, also referred to as epithelium, refers to the sheets of cells that cover exterior surfaces of the body, lines internal cavities and passageways, and forms certain glands. There are four basic types of human tissues: epithelial, muscle, nervous, and connective tissues. Serous fluid secreted by the cells of the epithelium lubricates the membrane and reduces abrasion and friction between organs. Figure 2. Study Chapter 4 tissue pictures flashcards taken from chapter 4 of the book Human Anatomy & Physiology. These surfaces can be found in cavities in contact with the exterior and in internal cavities and conduits. To understand why connective tissue is so important, lets take a close look at the various kinds of connective tissue, along with some examples. The Cellular Level of Organization, 3.2 The Cytoplasm and Cellular Organelles, Chapter 4. These membranes encapsulate organs, such as the kidneys, and line our movable joints. Connective tissue, as its name implies, binds the cells and organs of the body together and functions in the protection, support, and integration of all parts of the body. The human body consists of these four tissue types. Epithelial tissue, also referred to as epithelium, refers to the sheets of cells that cover exterior surfaces of the body, lines internal cavities and passageways, and forms certain glands. These tissues vary in their structure, function, and origin.The animal tissues are divided into epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues. Fibroblasts. Common examples of connective tissues include tendons, adipose tissue, and cartilage. The Lymphatic and Immune System, 21.1 Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems, 21.2 Barrier Defenses and the Innate Immune Response, 21.3 The Adaptive Immune Response: T lymphocytes and Their Functional Types, 21.4 The Adaptive Immune Response: B-lymphocytes and Antibodies, 21.5 The Immune Response against Pathogens, 21.6 Diseases Associated with Depressed or Overactive Immune Responses, 21.7 Transplantation and Cancer Immunology, 22.1 Organs and Structures of the Respiratory System, 22.6 Modifications in Respiratory Functions, 22.7 Embryonic Development of the Respiratory System, 23.2 Digestive System Processes and Regulation, 23.5 Accessory Organs in Digestion: The Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder, 23.7 Chemical Digestion and Absorption: A Closer Look, 25.1 Internal and External Anatomy of the Kidney, 25.2 Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney: Anatomy of the Nephron, 25.3 Physiology of Urine Formation: Overview, 25.4 Physiology of Urine Formation: Glomerular Filtration, 25.5 Physiology of Urine Formation: Tubular Reabsorption and Secretion, 25.6 Physiology of Urine Formation: Medullary Concentration Gradient, 25.7 Physiology of Urine Formation: Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition, Chapter 26. Muscle tissue allows the body to move and nervous tissues functions in communication. 11. Cardiac Muscle Tissues are organized into four broad categories based on structural and functional similarities. Epithelial tissue is made of layers of cells that cover the surfaces of the body that come into contact with the exterior world, line internal cavities, and form glands. Serous membranes are identified according to location. Epithelial, muscle, connective, nervous • What are the defining characteristics of each of the four major tissue types? Each germ layer is identified by its relative position: ectoderm (ecto- = “outer”), mesoderm (meso- = “middle”), and endoderm (endo- = “inner”). Microscopic observation reveals that the cells in a tissue share morphological features and are arranged in an orderly pattern that achieves the tissue’s functions. These structures help attach muscles to bones and link bones together at joints. simple squamous epithelium. For example, synovial membranes surround the joints of the shoulder, elbow, and knee. Study Flashcards On Major and Specific Tissue Types for Lab Midterm at Cram.com. Discuss the functions of each tissue type, Relate the structure of each tissue type to their function, Identify the main types of tissue membranes. These membranes are found lining the external body surface (cutaneous membranes and mucous membranes) or lining the internal body cavities (serous membranes). Connective Tissue Membranes. The Tissue Level of Organization, 4.3 Connective Tissue Supports and Protects, 5.3 Functions of the Integumentary System, 5.4 Diseases, Disorders, and Injuries of the Integumentary System, Chapter 6. Cells in the inner layer of the synovial membrane release synovial fluid, a natural lubricant that enables the bones of a joint to move freely against one another with reduced friction. Epithelial- protection of the underlying tissues, absorption, secretion, and reception of sensory stimuli. Are you good at identifying the different tissues? Special Cell Types N/A One layer of cells oriented vertically. At first they form the three primary germ layers. Basically, there are four types of tissues: nervous, muscle, epithelial, and connective. Identify the tissue type and a location where it is found. A connective tissue membrane is built entirely of connective tissue. It is a stratified squamous epithelial membrane resting on top of connective tissue. The next level of organization is the organ, where several types of tissues come together to form a working unit. There are two basic types of tissue membranes: connective tissue and epithelial membranes (Figure 3). There are several different types of epithelial tissue. A tissue membrane is a thin layer or sheet of cells that either covers the outside of the body (e.g., skin), lines an internal body cavity (e.g., peritoneal cavity),  lines a vessel (e.g., blood vessel),  or lines a movable joint cavity (e.g., synovial joint). The underlying connective tissue, called the lamina propria (literally “own layer”), help support the fragile epithelial layer. A synovial membrane is a type of connective tissue membrane that lines the cavity of a freely movable joint. Identify body tissues based on pictures, etc. Serous fluid secreted by the cells of the thin squamous mesothelium lubricates the membrane and reduces abrasion and friction between organs. The human body is full of various types of connective tissue, the function of which is to bind together the other tissue of the body and give those tissues support. All cells and tissues in the body derive from three germ layers: the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. Types of Animal Tissue. The apical surface of this membrane exposed to the external environment and is covered with dead, keratinized cells that help protect the body from desiccation and pathogens. As cell proliferation progresses, three major cell lines are established within the embryo. Try now for free! The cells within a tissue share a common embryonic origin. A fourth, the peritoneum, is the serous membrane in the abdominal cavity that covers abdominal organs and forms double sheets of mesenteries that suspend many of the digestive organs. These tissues together form the organs in the body. The Nervous System and Nervous Tissue, 12.1 Structure and Function of the Nervous System, Chapter 13. Connective tissue binds the various parts of the body together, providing support and protection. Tissue Membranes. Nervous tissue is also excitable, allowing for the generation and propagation of electrochemical signals in the form of nerve impulses that communicate between different regions of the body (Figure 4.1.1). The connective tissue membrane is formed solely from connective tissue. The first embryonic cells generated have the ability to differentiate into any type of cell in the body and, as such, are called totipotent, meaning each has the capacity to divide, differentiate, and develop into a new organism. Figure 2 shows the types of tissues and organs associated with the each of the three germ layers. dense fibrous regular connective tissue. The hyaluronan effectively traps available water to form the synovial fluid, a natural lubricant that enables the bones of a joint to move freely against one another without much friction. the most durable tissue type abundant nonliving extracellular matrix most widespread tissue in the body forms nerves and the brain Epithelial Tissue The cells fit closely together, forming sheetlike membranes. Nervous tissue is also excitable, allowing the propagation of electrochemical signals in the form of nerve impulses that communicate between different regions of the body (Figure 1). Tissue: A tissue is an aggregation of cells of a unique shape and size destined to perform a particular task. Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System, 6.6 Exercise, Nutrition, Hormones, and Bone Tissue, 6.7 Calcium Homeostasis: Interactions of the Skeletal System and Other Organ Systems, 7.6 Embryonic Development of the Axial Skeleton, 8.5 Development of the Appendicular Skeleton, 10.3 Muscle Fiber Excitation, Contraction, and Relaxation, 10.4 Nervous System Control of Muscle Tension, 10.8 Development and Regeneration of Muscle Tissue, 11.1 Describe the roles of agonists, antagonists and synergists, 11.2 Explain the organization of muscle fascicles and their role in generating force, 11.3 Explain the criteria used to name skeletal muscles, 11.4 Identify the skeletal muscles and give their origins, insertions, actions and innervations, Chapter 12. upward into the overlying layers. Save time & study efficiently. 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